Move comes after Trump signed a law and an executive order to punish China for its ‘aggressive actions’ in Hong Kong.
China has said it would retaliate after US President Donald Trump ordered an end to preferential trade treatment for Hong Kong and signed legislation allowing sanctions on banks over Beijing’s clampdown on the semi-autonomous city.
In a statement on Wednesday, China’s foreign ministry said the US’s Hong Kong Autonomy Act “maliciously slanders” new national security legislation Beijing had imposed on Hong Kong earlier this month and warned Washington against interference in its internal affairs.
“China will make necessary responses to protect its legitimate interests, and impose sanctions on relevant US personnel and entities,” the ministry added, without elaborating.
The statement came hours after Trump stepped up pressure against Beijing over its tightening grip on Hong Kong, a former British colony that was returned to Chinese rule in 1997 with the promise of autonomy and freedoms not known in mainland China.
“Today I signed legislation, and an executive order to hold China accountable for its aggressive actions against the people of Hong Kong,” Trump said at the White House on Tuesday.
“Hong Kong will now be treated the same as mainland China – no special privileges, no special economic treatment and no export of sensitive technologies.
“Their freedom has been taken away; their rights have been taken away,” Trump said, citing Beijing’s new national security law. “And with it goes Hong Kong, in my opinion, because it will no longer be able to compete with free markets. A lot of people will be leaving Hong Kong.”
Beijing had defied international warnings by imposing the security law, which criminalises offences it broadly defines as subversion, secession, terrorism and collusion with foreign forces. The legislation has sent a chill through Hong Kong, which last year saw massive, and sometimes violent, pro-democracy protests.
In response, the US Congress unanimously passed the Hong Kong Autonomy Act, which targets police units that have cracked down on Hong Kong protesters as well as Chinese Communist Party officials responsible for imposing the new security law.
Mandatory sanctions are also required on banks that conduct business with the officials.
Meanwhile Trump’s executive order said the US property of any person determined to be responsible for or complicit in “actions or policies that undermine democratic processes or institutions in Hong Kong” would be blocked.
It also directs officials to “revoke license exceptions for exports to Hong Kong”, and includes revoking special treatment for Hong Kong passport holders.
However, analysts say that completely ending Hong Kong’s special treatment could prove self-defeating for the US.
Hong Kong was the source of the largest bilateral US goods trade surplus last year, at $26.1bn, US Census Bureau data shows. According to the US Department of State, 85,000 US citizens lived in Hong Kong in 2018, and more than 1,300 US companies operate there, including nearly every major US financial firm.
The territory is also a major destination for US legal and accounting services.
Al Jazeera’s Divya Gopalan, reporting from Hong Kong, said Washington’s move has worried businesses in the city.
“The Hong Kong government says this is likely to hurt the US more than it will hurt Hong Kong, and indeed, if you look at the numbers, the US has a bigger trade surplus with Hong Kong. But the reality is there are many Hong Kong businesses that rely on this special status with the US,” she said.
“Hong Kong is a re-exporting hub, which means that goods and services come through Hong Kong into the US to avoid those trade sanctions or restrictions that China may have in dealing with the US.”
US relations with China have already been strained over the global coronavirus pandemic, China’s military buildup in the South China Sea, its treatment of Uighur Muslims and significant trade surpluses.